Neighborhood-Level Social Determinants of Health in the Continental United States. The variables are derived from the 2014 American Community Survey 5-year mean.

Source Kolak, Marynia, Bhatt, Jay, Park, Yoon Hong, Padron, Norma, and Molefe, Ayrin. “Quantification of Neighborhood-Level Social Determinants of Health in the Continental United States.” JAMA Network Open. The U.S. Social Determinants of Health Atlas

Variable Description
tract_fips 10-digit FIPS code for tract
county County name
state State name
state_fips State FIPS code
cnty_fips County FIPS code
ep_pov Percentage of persons below poverty estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_unem Percentage of civilian (age 16+) unemployed estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_pci Per capita income estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_nohs Percentage of persons with no high school diploma (age 25+) estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_sngp Percentage of single parent households with children under 18 estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_lime Percentage of persons (age 5+) who speak English “less than well” estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_crow Percentage of households with more people than rooms estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_nove Percentage of households with no vehicle available estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
rent_1 Percentage of renters estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
rntov30p_1 Percentage of renters paying over 30% of income towards housing estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_unin Percentage of uninsured in the total civilian noninstitutionalized population estimate, 2010- 2014 ACS
ep_minrty Percentage minority (all persons except white, non-Hispanic) estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_age65 Percentage of persons aged 65 and older estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_age17 Percentage of persons aged 17 and younger estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
ep_disabl Percentage of civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability estimate, 2010-2014 ACS
1_SES Socioeconomic Advantage Index, raw (see
2_MOB Limited Mobility Index, raw (see
3_URB Urban Core Opportunity Index, raw (see
4_MICA MICA Index, raw (see
SDOH_CL 1:rural affordable, 2:suburban affluent, 3:suburban affordable, 4:extreme poverty, 5:multilingual working, 6:urban core opportunity, 7:sparse areas (see

Prepared by Center for Spatial Data Science Last updated in 2019. Data provided “as is,” no warranties.