The max-p-region problem is a special case of constrained clustering where a finite number of geographical areas are aggregated into the maximum number of regions (max-p-regions), such that each region is geographically connected and the clusters could maximize internal homogeneity.

maxp_tabu(
  w,
  df,
  bound_variable,
  min_bound,
  tabu_length = 10,
  conv_tabu = 10,
  iterations = 99,
  initial_regions = vector("numeric"),
  scale_method = "standardize",
  distance_method = "euclidean",
  random_seed = 123456789,
  cpu_threads = 6,
  rdist = numeric()
)

Arguments

w

An instance of Weight class

df

A data frame with selected variables only. E.g. guerry[c("Crm_prs", "Crm_prp", "Litercy")]

bound_variable

A numeric vector of selected bounding variable

min_bound

A minimum value that the sum value of bounding variable int each cluster should be greater than

tabu_length

(optional): The length of a tabu search heuristic of tabu algorithm. Defaults to 10.

conv_tabu

(optional): The number of non-improving moves. Defaults to 10.

iterations

(optional): The number of iterations of Tabu algorithm. Defaults to 99.

initial_regions

(optional): The initial regions that the local search starts with. Default is empty. means the local search starts with a random process to "grow" clusters

scale_method

(optional) One of the scaling methods 'raw', 'standardize', 'demean', 'mad', 'range_standardize', 'range_adjust' to apply on input data. Default is 'standardize' (Z-score normalization).

distance_method

(optional) The distance method used to compute the distance betwen observation i and j. Defaults to "euclidean". Options are "euclidean" and "manhattan"

random_seed

(optional) The seed for random number generator. Defaults to 123456789.

cpu_threads

(optional) The number of cpu threads used for parallel computation

rdist

(optional) The distance matrix (lower triangular matrix, column wise storage)

Value

A names list with names "Clusters", "Total sum of squares", "Within-cluster sum of squares", "Total within-cluster sum of squares", and "The ratio of between to total sum of squares".

Examples

if (FALSE) {
library(sf)
guerry_path <- system.file("extdata", "Guerry.shp", package = "rgeoda")
guerry <- st_read(guerry_path)
queen_w <- queen_weights(guerry)
data <- guerry[c('Crm_prs','Crm_prp','Litercy','Donatns','Infants','Suicids')]
bound_variable <- guerry['Pop1831']
min_bound <- 3236.67 # 10% of Pop1831
maxp_clusters <- maxp_tabu(queen_w, data, bound_variable, min_bound, tabu_length=10, conv_tabu=10)
maxp_clusters
}